Otto Dix (1891–1969)

Matrose und Mädchen (Sailor and Girl), 1922

Watercolor, gouache, ink, and pencil on paper

22 3/4 x 18 7/8 in. (57.8 x 48 cm)

Signed and dated lower right corner: DIX 22

 

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Otto Dix (1891–1969)

Leonie, 1923

Color lithograph on paper

Sheet: 23 1/5 x 18 3/10 in. (59 x 46.5 cm)

Image: 18 3/4 x 14 7/8 in. (47.6 x 37.7 cm)

Signed and dated lower right: DIX 23

Numbered lower left: 9/65

Titled lower right: “Leonie”

Numbered  lower right: 13

 

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Otto Dix (1891–1969)

Am Fenster (At the Window), 1922

Watercolor, gouache, ink, and pencil on paper

20 x 14 in. (49.2 x 35.2 cm)

 

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Otto Dix (1891–1969)

Dame mit Reiher (Woman with Tuft of Heron Feathers), 1923

Lithograph on paper

Sheet: 16 x 12 in. (41 x 31 cm)

Image: 15 x 10 7/8 in. (38 x 27.5 cm) 

Signed and dated lower right: DIX 23

 

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Otto Dix (1891–1969)
Portrait of Julia Feininger, 1922
Watercolor and pencil
19 1/2 x 14 1/4 in. (49.5 x 36.2 cm)

 

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Otto Dix (1891–1969)

Die Schwangere, 1931

Oil on panel
32 5/8 x 24 3/8 in. (83 x 62 cm)
Monogrammed and dated upper right

 

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1891
Born December 2 in Untermhaus near Gera, Thuringia, Germany.

1898-06
While attending elementary school he receives his first artistic encouragement from his drawing teacher.

1906-10
Apprentices with Carl Senff in decorative painting.

1909
Begins teaching himself easel painting, concentrating on portraits and landscapes.

1910-14
Attends Royal Dresden School of Arts and Crafts.

1914-18
Serves in German army, producing a number of sketches of war scenes in a variety of styles and mediums.

1919-20
Develops a style called Verism which uses exaggerated realism as a form of social criticism.

1920
Exhibits at the Internationalen Dada-Messe in Berlin.

1920s
Joins the Junge Rheinland and the Rote Gruppe, which leads to a politicized reception of his work.

1922
Studies at the State Academy of Art with Max Feldbauer and Otto Grussman. Dix is accused of pornography for exhibiting Girl Before Mirror. After losing his studio at the Dresden Akademie he moves to Düsseldorf where he marries Martha Koch. He increasingly turns away from overt political criticism and begins working extensively as a portraitist.

1923
His first solo exhibition is held at the Galerie I. B. Neumann in Berlin.

1924
Berlin art dealer, Karl Niedenderf, begins acting as his representative. A successful solo exhibition is held in the Berlin Kronprinzenpalais.

1925
Moves to Berlin.

1926
Appointed to a professorship at the Dresden Akademie.

1927-8
Begins painting his first triptych, Metropolis, which is among his most ambitious works.

1930s
Dix’s work becomes increasingly pessimistic and allegorical as Germany moves towards war.

1931
Named a member of Preussische Akademie der Kunste.

1933
Following the Nazi election victories, Dix is relieved of all honors and appointments. He is also forbidden to exhibit.

1934
Moves to Randegg Castle near Singen.

1936
Moves to Hemmenhofen on Lake Constance.

1937
His work is shown in the infamous exhibition of degenerate art in Munich.

1938
Following an assassination attempt on Hitler, Dix is imprisoned by the Gestapo for 14 days.

1945
He is drafted into the German territorial army, captured by the French and allowed to return home.

1955
Participates in the Documenta I in Kassel.

1957
A comprehensive retrospective of his work is held at the Academy of Arts in Berlin.

1960
Fritz Loeffler’s monograph on Dix is published.

1969
On July 25th, he dies of a stroke in Singen, Hohentriel.

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